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Albert Frey and Lina Bo Bardi: A Search for Living Architecture

September 9th, 2017 – January 7th, 2018
Palm Springs Art Museum Architecture and Design Center
 
As part of the Getty-led initiative Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA, a far-reaching and ambitious exploration of Latin American and Latino art in dialogue with Los Angeles, the Museum’s contribution is an unprecedented exploration of two visionary architects who critically expanded the meaning and practice of modern architecture. Though the two did not meet . . .
 

Iwan Baan, Frey House II, 2016, photograph © Iwan Baan
Veronika Kellndorfer, Sesc Pompeia, Cylindropuntia Fulgida, 2016, transparent silkscreen on glass, 70 x 105 cm, edition of 5. Courtesy of the artist and Christopher Grimes Gallery, Santa Monica
A. Lawrence Kocher and Albert Frey, Aluminaire House, 1931, perspective sketch of exterior, ca. 1930, pencil on paper, 20 1/16 x 20 1/16 inches © Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
Albert Frey with his 1936 Ford convertible, Palm Springs, CA, ca. 1936, gelatin silver print © Albert Frey Collection, Palm Springs Art Museum, 55-1999.2
Lina Bo Bardi holding her favorite lamp, photograph by Bob Wolfenson, 1978, Courtesy Instituto Lina Bo e  P. M. Bardi
Albert Frey, Frey House II, Palm Springs, CA, 1963-64, view from the southwest, photograph by François Halard, 1995, Courtesy François Halard
A. Lawrence Kocher and Albert Frey, Aluminaire House, 1931, view of front entrance and double-height living room windows, photograph by Palmer Shannon, ca. 1931 © Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
Lina Bo Bardi, Bardi House (Casa de vidro), São Paulo, Brazil, 1949-1952, Lina on entrance stairway, photograph by Francisco Albuquerque, 1952, Courtesy Instituto Lina Bo e P. M. Bardi
Lina Bo Bardi, Cirell House, São Paulo, Brazil, 1957-1958, conceptual elevation with plants, ca. 1957, graphite and china ink on parchment paper, 20.2 x 40.4 cm, Courtesy Instituto Lina Bo e P. M. Bardi
Lina Bo Bardi, Bardi House (Casa de vidro), São Paulo, Brazil, 1949-1952, photograph by Nelson Kon, 2002, Courtesy Nelson Kon
A. Lawrence Kocher and Albert Frey, Aluminaire House, 1931, perspective sketch of exterior, ca. 1930, pencil on paper, 20 1/16 x 20 1/16 inches © Special Collections, John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
Interiors 113, no. 4 (November 1953): cover
Lina Bo Bardi, Bardi House (Casa de vidro), São Paulo, Brazil, 1949-1952, Lina leaning against a ground-floor piloti, photograph by Alice Brill, ca. 1952 (Detail) © Alice Brill/Instituto Moreira Salles Collection
Albert Frey, Frey House II, Palm Springs, CA, 1963-64, view from the southeast, photograph by François Halard, 1995, Courtesy François Halard
Lina Bo Bardi, Bardi House (Casa de vidro), São Paulo, Brazil, 1949-1952, view from the northeast, photograph by Nelson Kon, 2002, Courtesy Nelson Kon

This exhibition, organized by Dr. Daniell Cornell, The Donna and Cargill MacMillan Jr., Director of Art, Palm Springs Art Museum and Dr. Zeuler R. Lima, Associate Professor, School of Design and Visual Arts, Washington University in St. Louis, is part of the Getty-led initiative Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA, a far-reaching and ambitious exploration of Latin American and Latino art in dialogue with Los Angeles. It presents an unprecedented exploration of two visionary architects who critically expanded the meaning and practice of modern architecture. Lina Bo Bardi (1914–1992) emigrated from Italy to Brazil in 1946 and Albert Frey (1903–1998) from Switzerland to the United States in 1930. Though the two did not meet, Bo Bardi translated Frey’s treatise In Search of a Living Architecture for Domus, and their personal and professional odysseys are representative of the emergence of São Paulo and Southern California as architectural and cultural laboratories in the middle of the twentieth century. They each created modernist houses, furniture, public buildings, and approaches to urban design that moved beyond strict European rationalism to embrace the social and environmental contexts specific to their adoptive homes in the Americas. Bo Bardi and Frey shared a belief in architecture as a way to connect people, nature, building, and living. Even as they employed modern technologies, they responded to the climate and terrain of the local environment and the people whose personal and social experiences were touched by those conditions.

Albert Frey and Lina Bo Bardi: A Search for Living Architecture is part of Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA, a far-reaching and ambitious exploration of Latin American and Latino art in dialogue with Los Angeles, taking place from September 2017 through January 2018 at more than 70 cultural institutions across Southern California. Pacific Standard Time is an initiative of the Getty. The presenting sponsor is Bank of America.

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Major support for this exhibition and publication is provided through grants from the Getty Foundation.

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This exhibition is organized by Palm Springs Art Museum with an installation design by Bestor Architecture, Barbara Bestor, FAIA. Additional funding is provided by Dr. Roswitha Kima Smale, Simon K. Chiu, Palm Springs Art Museum Architecture and Design Council, Caesarstone, Atelier 4 - Fine Art Logistics, Arper, and an award from the National Endowment for the Arts.

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Exhibition Season Sponsors: Carol & Jim Egan, David Kaplan & Glenn Ostergaard, Dorothy C. Meyerman, Marion & Bob Rosenthal, and the Herman and Faye Sarkowsky Charitable Foundation. The Desert Sun is the exhibition media sponsor.

A full color illustrated catalogue published by Palm Springs Art Museum/DelMonico Books•Prestel accompanies this exhibition, with essays by Dr. Cornell, Dr. Lima, and Joseph Rosa, Director, Frye Art Museum (Seattle); Cathrine Veikos, Associate Professor of Architecture, California College of the Arts (San Francisco); Sidney Williams, Exhibition Advisor. It is available for purchase in Bradford W. Bates Vault: The Museum Design Store and the Museum Store, Palm Springs Art Museum.